Server logs record the actions of a computer that stores (hosts) a website, while a web log (blog) is used to publish the thoughts and actions of an author. The two are similar in that the passage of time is central to how content is stored and accessed.
Each time a person views a webpage a request is sent from their computer to the computer where the website is stored (server). These requests are for the individual files that make-up the webpage: for example an HTML file, images and scripts. The web server log is a record of these requests.
Interpreting web server logs, or log analysis, involves processing the log file, either manually or using a software package. The resulting statistics are often useful in understanding how people interact with a website.
Statistics about a website visitor that log file analysis can provide include: